House ownership - Cromwell Cottage High Street

The table below gives details about who owned and occupied the house. The sources for information vary; the records pre 1800 are mainly manor court rolls. Every time a property changed hands, even between family members, the transaction had to be recorded at the manorial court. The names of those who surrendered and those who were admitted and the entry fines they paid were written in the rolls of parchment by the clerk. An entry fine was paid to the lord of the manor and the new owner was given a written copy of the transaction, hence the term copyhold.

All records were in abbreviated medieval latin until 1752 except for a short period during the commonwealth between 1650 and 1660.Freehold property is rarely mentioned but can sometimes be found in the manor rentals. It is difficult to trace the history of a house as addresses are never given ad therefore the only way is to use the owners name or very occasionally the name of the house.

Post 1800 there are many more sources of information although actual addresses are not used until mid 20th century. One method of identifying a house in the records is by the description of the land that went with it or the annual rent paid to the lord of the manor which often didn’t change over a hundred years.

The table is arranged over five columns. The first gives the year of the record and the second is the source document sometimes with a reference number. The next two columns record the transfer of ownership and the occupier of the property. Click on the names to link to the people database. Sometimes there is no link to the database so go to the people page on the top navigation bar and simply type in the name you are searching for. The search function returns all documents where the name searched for appears in that document. Click on a name match to view the document in which that name appears. When viewing a record that contains other names, it is possible to perform a new search on that name by clicking on the name link.

The last column shows information about the property and any comments.

Date Source Owner/buyer Occupier Comment
1784 pollbook Edmund Pym Clerk Of Radwell Herts Richard Ward
1811 owners Henry Ward Henry Ward Homesteadand Croft
1861 census Thomas  Gurney – Baker & Grocer 0
1871 census Thomas  Gurney – Baker Little Green
1877 sanitation Stafford Allen Thomas Gurney Bakers Shop With Yard And Garden. Well, Drainage-Into Pond. 5 Inmates Sharing  Living Rooms,  Sleeping Rooms And Privy
1881 census Thomas  Gurney – Baker Pirton Village
1881 School admission register William  Hare born 18/4/1873 Last school – Infant Department,  living with Oswald  Hare
1881 School admission register William  Hare born 18/4/1873  living with Oswald  Hare
1885 School admission register Gertrude  Hare  living with Oswald  Hare
1889 School admission register Jane  Hare born 23/11/1879 Last school – Edmington B??? School,  living with Oswald  Hare
1890 School admission register Jane  Hare born 23/11/1879  living with Oswald  Hare
1890 Land sales Stafford Allen Sold To Thomas Gurney For £550 Thomas Gurney Baker’S Shop A Piece Of Garden Ground In Front Enclosed From The Road By A Stout Wooden Fence, A Well Of Water.  Together With A Large Garden In The Rear And W.C.; Also A Paddock Orchard.Yard With Timber And Pantiled Building Used As A Stable And Chaise-House.  Hen-House Adjoining And 2 Piggeries.  A Timber, Lath-Plaster And Thatched Store-House.5 Bedrooms, 2 Sitting Rooms, Kitchen, Wash-House And Pantry.  A Brick-Built Newly Erected Bakehouse Fitted With An 8 Bushel Oven, For Coal Or Wood.Brick-Built And Slated Dwelling House And Baker’S Shop3A 2R 2P.
1891 census Thomas  Gurney – Baker Nr Little Green
1901 census Thomas  Gurney – Bread Baker Cromwell Cottage
1909 register of electors     Thomas Gurney Cromwell House dwelling house  
1910 register of electors     Thomas Gurney Cromwell House dwelling house  
1910 rates Thomas  Gurney F  Day The Bakehouse & Premises
1911 register of electors     Thomas Gurney Cromwell House dwelling house  
1912 register of electors     Frank Day Cromwell Cottage house  
1913 register of electors     Frank Day Cromwell Cottage house  
1914 register of electors     Frank Day Cromwell Cottage house  
1915 register of electors     Frank Day Cromwell Cottage house  
1935 rates Fred & William Weeden Fred Weeden Agric. Dwelling House
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